The Triune God

The Triune God

  1. Matthew 28:19 — The Great Commission
  2. 2 Corinthians 13:13 — A Benediction
  3. Revelation 1:4-5 4. 1 — The Throne of God
  4. 1 Peter 1:1-2 — One Role for Each Person

Doctrine of the Trinity

  • God is not one person who plays three different roles (Error of Modalism)
  • There are not three gods who merely seem to be one because they always act together.  (Error of Tritheism – a form of polytheism)
  • “When we have said these three things, then, that there is but one God, that the Father and the Son and the Spirit is each God, that the Father and the Son and the Spirit is each a distinct person – we have enunciated the doctrine of the Trinity in its completeness.”  (B. B. Warfield)

 

  1. Genesis 1:1-3 — Creation

 

Personality of the Holy Spirit

* What makes a person?

  1. Has knowledge: 1 Corinthians 2:10-11
  2. Able to help and intercede: Romans 8:26-27
  3. Able to love: Romans 15:20
  4. Able to grieve: Isaiah 63:10, Ephesians 4:30
  5. Able to be sinned against: Acts 5:3, Matthew 12:31-32
  6. Able to speak: Revelation 2:7
  7. Able to lead: Romans 8:14
  8. Has authority: Acts 13:2; 16:6-7

 

Deity of the Holy Spirit

  1. Distinctive Divine Attributes
    1. Eternal – Hebrews 9:14
    2. Omnipresent – Psalm 139:7
    3. Omniscient – 1 Corinthians 2:10, John 14:26
    4. Omnipotent – Luke 1:35
  2. Divine work
    1. Life – Job 33:4, John 6:63, Genesis 2:7?
    2. Inspiration – 2 Samuel 23:2-3, 2 Peter 1:21
  3. References that Equate the Spirit with Yahweh
    1. Isaiah 6:5,9-10 → Acts 28:25-27
    2. Exodus 16:6-7 → Psalm 95:7-11 → Hebrews 3:7-9

Homework!

  1. Both the Hebrew (“Ruach”) and the Greek (“Pneuma”) words for Spirit are onomatopoeias.  The word sounds like the thing or action described.  In this case, both terms can also be translated “wind” or “breath.”  Can you think of any English words with the Greek term “pneuma” in it?
  2. The theme of this class is taken from John 3:8.  How does this verse (and its context) refer to:
    • the Sovereignty of the Spirit?
    • b. the Power of the Spirit?
    • the invisibility of the Spirit?
    • d. the irresistible nature of the Spirit?

You might also consider reading 1 Kings 19:9-13 and Acts 6:10 to help you with these questions.

  1. Next week we will be studying the Biblical names for the Holy Spirit.  If you’d like to prepare further for class, look up the following Scripture references and write down what name(s) the Biblical authors use for the Holy Spirit in each one.
  • 1 Corinthians 3:16
  • Isaiah 11:2
  • Isaiah 61:1
  • 2 Corinthians 3:3
  • Romans 8:9
  • Philippians 1:19
  • Acts 16:6-7
  • Galatians 4:4-5
  • Luke 11:13
  • Ephesians 1:13
  • Romans 1:4
  • Isaiah 4:4
  • John 14:17
  • Romans 8:2
  • Hebrews 10:29
  • Zechariah 12:10
  • 1 Peter 4:14
  • Hebrews 9:14
  • John 14:26

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